Naples

Naples

Opulent and poor, cheerful and sad, Naples is situated in one of the most famous gulfs in the world, flanked to the east by Vesuvius. It is a city of art with centuries of history; it is the Neapolis of the Romans, the Byzantine city of Theodosius and the powerful autonomous Duchy, the city of Roger of Normandy and Emperor Frederick II of Swabia, the capital of the triumph of Anjou and Aragon, of the viceroys of Spain and Masaniello, the city of Bourbon and Murat pomp, the city where Victor Emmanuel II made his entry on 7 November 1860.
These many events have contributed to the city's cultural and intellectual verve. From its foundation to the days of the Roman empire, down to the Middle Ages and the rich testimony of the Baroque period, Naples is a unique knot of piazzas, monuments, churches, palazzos and breathtaking viewpoints such as Via Caracciolo, Posillipo belvedere and San Martino.
This beauty inspires Neapolitan art itself and has brought forth masterpieces such as Castel Nuovo, known as the Maschio Angioino, the Royal Palace, Capodimonte Royal Palace, the Church of Saint Clare, San Domenico Maggiore, San Lorenzo Maggiore, Santa Maria Donnaregina, Sant'Anna dei Lombardi, the Duomo, the Church of Gesù Nuovo (New Jesus) and the Sanctuary of Gesù Vecchio (Old). These works have given Naples a frontline position in international art, which is also visible in the masterpieces presented in the city's great museums, such as the Archaeological Museum, Capodimonte Museum and San Martino Museum.
Modern art also attracts tourists and can be found at the Museo Madre, a short distance from the Duomo and the Pan in Via dei Mille, along with the exhibits of the Metrò dell'Arte, on the M1 metro line. For around a decade, the art scene in Naples has been evolving, providing a genuine source of emotions for the curious tourist. Spaccanapoli, in the throbbing heart of the city, near the famous Via San Gregorio Armeno, takes you to Piazza Dante and from here you can revel in the masterpieces of the new metro line: Dante station, with its crystal-covered walls, Museo station, home to the original “Testa Carafa”, and Materdei station, full of mosaics, the vibrant colours of Salvator Rosa station, and the bas-reliefs at Quattro Giornate.